Defined in awkward.operations.ak_to_parquet on line 22.

ak.to_parquet(array, destination, *, list_to32=False, string_to32=True, bytestring_to32=True, emptyarray_to=None, categorical_as_dictionary=False, extensionarray=True, count_nulls=True, compression='zstd', compression_level=None, row_group_size=64 * 1024 * 1024, data_page_size=None, parquet_flavor=None, parquet_version='2.4', parquet_page_version='1.0', parquet_metadata_statistics=True, parquet_dictionary_encoding=False, parquet_byte_stream_split=False, parquet_coerce_timestamps=None, parquet_old_int96_timestamps=None, parquet_compliant_nested=False, parquet_extra_options=None, storage_options=None)#
  • array – Array-like data (anything ak.to_layout recognizes).

  • destination (path-like) – Name of the output file, file path, or remote URL passed to fsspec.core.url_to_fs for remote writing.

  • list_to32 (bool) – If True, convert Awkward lists into 32-bit Arrow lists if they’re small enough, even if it means an extra conversion. Otherwise, signed 32-bit ak.types.ListType maps to Arrow ListType, signed 64-bit ak.types.ListType maps to Arrow LargeListType, and unsigned 32-bit ak.types.ListType picks whichever Arrow type its values fit into.

  • string_to32 (bool) – Same as the above for Arrow string and large_string.

  • bytestring_to32 (bool) – Same as the above for Arrow binary and large_binary.

  • emptyarray_to (None or dtype) – If None, ak.types.UnknownType maps to Arrow’s null type; otherwise, it is converted a given numeric dtype.

  • categorical_as_dictionary (bool) – If True, ak.contents.IndexedArray and ak.contents.IndexedOptionArray labeled with __array__ = "categorical" are mapped to Arrow DictionaryArray; otherwise, the projection is evaluated before conversion (always the case without __array__ = "categorical").

  • extensionarray (bool) – If True, this function returns extended Arrow arrays (at all levels of nesting), which preserve metadata so that Awkward → Arrow → Awkward preserves the array’s ak.types.Type (though not the ak.forms.Form). If False, this function returns generic Arrow arrays that might be needed for third-party tools that don’t recognize Arrow’s extensions. Even with extensionarray=False, the values produced by Arrow’s to_pylist method are the same as the values produced by Awkward’s ak.to_list.

  • count_nulls (bool) – If True, count the number of missing values at each level and include these in the resulting Arrow array, which makes some downstream applications faster. If False, skip the up-front cost of counting them.

  • compression (None, str, or dict) – Compression algorithm name, passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. Parquet supports {"NONE", "SNAPPY", "GZIP", "BROTLI", "LZ4", "ZSTD"} (where "GZIP" is also known as “zlib” or “deflate”). If a dict, the keys are column names (the same column names that ak.forms.Form.columns returns and ak.forms.Form.select_columns accepts) and the values are compression algorithm names, to compress each column differently.

  • compression_level (None, int, or dict None) – Compression level, passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. Compression levels have different meanings for different compression algorithms: GZIP ranges from 1 to 9, but ZSTD ranges from -7 to 22, for example. Generally, higher numbers provide slower but smaller compression.

  • row_group_size (int or None) – Number of entries in each row group (except the last), passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter.write_table. If None, the Parquet default of 64 MiB is used.

  • data_page_size (None or int) – Number of bytes in each data page, passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. If None, the Parquet default of 1 MiB is used.

  • parquet_flavor (None or "spark") – If None, the output Parquet file will follow Arrow conventions; if "spark", it will follow Spark conventions. Some systems, such as Spark and Google BigQuery, might need Spark conventions, while others might need Arrow conventions. Passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. as flavor.

  • parquet_version ("1.0", "2.4", or "2.6") – Parquet file format version. Passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. as version.

  • parquet_page_version ("1.0" or "2.0") – Parquet page format version. Passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. as data_page_version.

  • parquet_metadata_statistics (bool or dict) – If True, include summary statistics for each data page in the Parquet metadata, which lets some applications search for data more quickly (by skipping pages). If a dict mapping column names to bool, include summary statistics on only the specified columns. Passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. as write_statistics.

  • parquet_dictionary_encoding (bool or dict) – If True, allow Parquet to pre-compress with dictionary encoding. If a dict mapping column names to bool, only use dictionary encoding on the specified columns. Passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. as use_dictionary.

  • parquet_byte_stream_split (bool or dict) – If True, pre-compress floating point fields (float32 or float64) with byte stream splitting, which collects all mantissas in one part of the stream and exponents in another. Passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. as use_byte_stream_split.

  • parquet_coerce_timestamps (None, "ms", or "us") – If None, any timestamps (datetime64 data) are coerced to a given resolution depending on parquet_version: version "1.0" and "2.4" are coerced to microseconds, but later versions use the datetime64’s own units. If "ms" is explicitly specified, timestamps are coerced to milliseconds; if "us", microseconds. Passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. as coerce_timestamps.

  • parquet_old_int96_timestamps (None or bool) – If True, use Parquet’s INT96 format for any timestamps (datetime64 data), taking priority over parquet_coerce_timestamps. If None, let the parquet_flavor decide. Passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. as use_deprecated_int96_timestamps.

  • parquet_compliant_nested (bool) – If True, use the Spark/BigQuery/Parquet convention for nested lists, in which each list is a one-field record with field name “element”; otherwise, use the Arrow convention, in which the field name is “item”. Passed to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter. as use_compliant_nested_type.

  • parquet_extra_options (None or dict) – Any additional options to pass to pyarrow.parquet.ParquetWriter.

  • storage_options (None or dict) – Any additional options to pass to fsspec.core.url_to_fs to open a remote file for writing.

Returns: pyarrow._parquet.FileMetaData instance

Writes an Awkward Array to a Parquet file (through pyarrow).

>>> array1 = ak.Array([[1, 2, 3], [], [4, 5], [], [], [6, 7, 8, 9]])
>>> ak.to_parquet(array1, "array1.parquet")
<pyarrow._parquet.FileMetaData object at 0x7f646c38ff40>
  created_by: parquet-cpp-arrow version 9.0.0
  num_columns: 1
  num_rows: 6
  num_row_groups: 1
  format_version: 2.6
  serialized_size: 0

If the array does not contain records at top-level, the Arrow table will consist of one field whose name is "" iff. extensionarray is False.

If extensionarray is True``, use a custom Arrow extension to store this array. Otherwise, generic Arrow arrays are used, and if the array does not contain records at top-level, the Arrow table will consist of one field whose name is "". See ak.to_arrow_table for more details.

Parquet files can maintain the distinction between “option-type but no elements are missing” and “not option-type” at all levels, including the top level. However, there is no distinction between ?union[X, Y, Z]] type and union[?X, ?Y, ?Z] type. Be aware of these type distinctions when passing data through Arrow or Parquet.

See also ak.to_arrow, which is used as an intermediate step.